Mon fils est parti il y a quelques jours avec cette poupée dans sa valise. C'est une Pippa, Rosemary je crois.
On peut se demander pourquoi il avait emporté une de mes poupées !!!??? :D
Il devait présenter un objet lors d'un oral d'anglais ! Voici ci-dessous le texte qu'il avait préparé en support. Ce qui est écrit n'est pas rigoureusement exact, c'était un prétexte pour son oral d'anglais. Cela lui a permis de faire un travail un peu original en présentant un objet peu commun, pour un étudiant tout au moins ;-)
"Introduction I decided to present this item, a doll, a British doll which was created in 1972 by the English brand Palitoy and which was merchandized until the 80's. I think it's an interesting object because of the different perspectives we can study.
Extraction The different materials used are : Vinyl plastic for the body, synthetic for the hair (so plastic materials) and finally paint for the make-up. Production of the plastic : the untreated oil is sent to a refinery to be refined. Then it is boiled to separate the components. Finally after different treatments the oil leads to the “naphtha”, a liquid which is responsible for the creation of plastic. The paint comes from the linen oil, a natural product. Thanks to the plastic created, it is now possible to manufacture the doll's parts. The plastic is bought by the company, then, in a factory, the workers using machines shape the plastic into legs, arms, heads and busts. Then the different parts are assembled, are put together to create thousands of dolls.
Environmental impact On the one hand, forty years ago the environmental impact was negative because the doll was bought for little girls and then were thrown which created a lot of pollution, moreover the knowledge of the people on the environment was not as developed as it is today. On the other hand, today I think this doll has a better environmental impact because its purpose is no longer to play with it (more reserved for Barbie for instance) but to collect it. Today it's unusual to see somebody throwing away this toy. So the question of the disposal system doesn't really exist anymore because you don't get rid of this, you keep it somewhere and it takes value until you decide to sell it to someone else. Moreover the plastic used is said to be reusable (according to the brand Palitoy of course). That's why I decided to choose this item, very interesting on so many levels.
Economic impact In the same way the situation is different today than a few years ago. I'm going to explain why the economic impact is good today for a lot of actors of the society. First of all, at the beginning the firm which was selling it made a lot of profit because it was sold in 1972 at 15 pounds, a lot higher than the cost of production. But that's not it, as I said earlier, this doll is now dedicated to the collection, so its value is getting higher and higher when the time passes, so nowadays who is making a substantial profit ? It's the people, the buyers because let's say I bought it at 15 pounds in 1972, in 2000, when I'm no longer interested in this toy, why would I throw it away when I can sell it 4 maybe 5 times the original price. And this process is repeating itself infinitely, which generates a relative economic activity.
Social Impact In the 70's, the England was a very industrial country so the selling of this doll was profitable for the people because a lot of workers were hired. It has contributed in a decrease in the unemployment rate in the UK. Today to study the social impact we have to consider the dolls in general because this one is no longer sold officially. Nowadays it is not good for the people because almost the entire production is outsourced, relocated in Asian countries where the cost of production is very low and the workers' protection laws are quite inexistent. Finally, not only the workers today are exploited but also it takes away the possibility for European workers to have a job.
Ecological footprint For the production, a lot of oil and energy is used, and also there is a lot of waste because this is a production in bulk and the residual litter is not always recycled. Concerning the transportation, in the 70's there wasn't a lot of problems with pollution, increasing costs because this product was only distributed in Europe. Whereas today, the market of toys/dolls concerns the whole world and almost every doll has to travel from Asia to Europe/America. That's another problem because it causes pollution with the fuel. Moreover each time a product is travelling, a non-renewable energy is used. For the use of the product, the ecological footprint can't really be calculated because its use doesn't affect the environment except if you throw it away but it is scarce nowadays.
New ways In order to improve the impact on the environment we could considerate to use some ecological materials instead than plastic, for example some research showed that it is possible to use a plastic made of algae, it goes without saying that it is profitable for the environment. Then we could also limit the delocalizations in poor countries because it would lessen the pollution due to the transport. Finally we could put in place some financial penalty for the companies who don't respect the environment (although it has been initiated with the carbon offsetting). For the economy, the governments should encourage the firms to use ecological products because ecology is popular today so it will improve the image of the firm which will attract a lot of consumers and finally may lead to a drop of the prices. The impact on people could be getting better if once again we reduced the delocalizations because there would be more jobs available, or, if we cannot limit the delocalizations, at least we could provide the workers in Asia a life insurance, a decent state pension etc. and so get rid of sweatshops."